C-O Sole

From 1st Trip: King Harbor, Redondo Beach

Pleuronichthys coenosus


Mouth: small, terminal; narrow gape; asymmetrical; maxillary extends to below the forepoint of the lower eye; thickened lips; teeth mainly on the blind side of jaws.

Body: caudal peduncle deep; caudal fin rounded; dorsal and anal fins high; the first five to six dorsal rays begin on the blind side; small spine before anal fin; pectorals bluntly pointed; lateral line slightly curved over pectoral region then straight; accessory dorsal branch long.

Color: dark brown to black on the eyed side; creamy white on the blind side; dark spot mid-body on eyed side; similar spot on mid-caudal fin; dark curved bar at the base of the caudal fin (last two features look like a ‘C’ and an ‘O’).


Depth: up to 350 m.

Habitat: both soft and hard substrates; eelgrass habitats; young are more common in shallow waters; can adjust colouration to substrate.

Season: Hart (1973) lists hatching of eggs at 13.8ÂșC after 12 days; suggesting that spawning occurs late spring to summer.

Diet: polychates, molluscs, and crustaceans.

Predators: not determined.

Distribution: Mexico, to Baja, California to Alaska.

Other common names

Spotflounder, Popeye Sole, Muddy Flounder

About the Author

Sean loves to fish in Southern California and this site is his journal of his adventures in fishing. He started fishing when he was a little guy with his dad David, and has continued to this day with his family. In his day job, Sean has been a graphic designer for over 15 years, designing everything from in-store displays and signage for supermarkets to e-commerce auction sites for an online consumer electronics company. He was a web and graphic designer then later an art director for McMullen Argus Publishing (Primedia), building and working on sites for Lowrider Magazine and Super Chevy, plus 30 other automotive magazine sites. Sean seized the opportunity to teach other aspiring designers - a passion that took him first to Learning Tree University and then to Golden West College in Huntington Beach, CA, where he has been an integral part of the renowned digital arts department for more than ten years. Throughout his teaching career, Sean maintained a freelance business, designing for clients including the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (Los Angeles Area Emmy Awards), Image Comics and many more. See his work at http://www.glumace.com.